Humanitarian situation in Northwest Syria:
Circumstances of the blessed month of Ramadan this year are unfortunately worse than the previous ones for the displaced Syrians. The population in northwestern Syria has been suffering of displacement and siege for 12 years due to the conflict, but Ramadan this year coincides with a catastrophe that the region has not witnessed for nearly a century; a strong earthquake has struck the area. 7.7 magnitude south of Turkey at 4:17 a.m. on February 6, 2023. This has been the strongest earthquake ever recorded in Turkey since 1939. It was followed by a second earthquake with a magnitude of 7.5 at 13:24. Since then, the government of Turkey has issued a Level 4 alert, calling for international assistance.
Unfortunately, the earthquake greatly affected northwestern Syria, which is inhabited by about 4.5 million people (about 90% of whom depend on humanitarian aid to survive). The majority of the population of this region are women and children, of whom about 1.8 million people have been living in tents since Over 6 years old.
According to local authorities, more than 5,000 deaths and 8,600 injuries have been reported in northwest Syria.
The major earthquake destroyed more than 1,700 buildings completely and more than 6,300 buildings partially. More than 11,000 families are now homeless (it is currently estimated that around 280,000 individuals in northwest Syria have been directly affected by the earthquakes and are in urgent need of shelter and/or NFI assistance), and the earthquakes have affected at least 78 villages and cities. More than 80,000 displacements have been recorded in the region.
Humanitarian needs in Syria are at an all-time high as the country enters its twelfth year of war in 2023.
4.1 million people depend on humanitarian aid provided by local and international organizations, as daily bread supplies are among the basic needs at the present time, and many people have received only limited quantities of water or loaves.
It is obvious that securing decent housing and providing food for those affected in centers Shelter and temporary housing is an absolute necessity. As mentioned above, there are 1.8 million people living in tents for more than 6 years and the earthquake has exacerbated the situation; more than 11,000 families are now with no shelter.
There are many civilians who have suffered nervous breakdowns and trauma due to the loss of their relatives or friends due to the earthquake. Children, women and the elderly are usually greatly affected by the extreme panic. Therefore, it is necessary to provide psychological and social support programs for those affected.